Why There Are More Substances on Earth Than Are Listed on the Periodic Table of Elements

A.I. recreates periodic table of elements from scratch

A new artificial intelligence (AI) program recreated the periodic table of elements in just a few hours.It took nearly a century of trial and error for human scientists to organize the periodic table of elements, arguably one of the greatest scientific achievements in chemistry, into its current form."Instead of feeding in all of the words and sentences from a collection of texts, we fed Atom2Vec all the known chemical compounds…"Called Atom2Vec, the program successfully learned to distinguish between different atoms after analyzing a list of chemical compound names from an online database. The unsupervised AI then used concepts borrowed from the field of natural language processing — in particular, the idea that the properties of words can be understood by looking at other words surrounding them — to cluster the elements according to their chemical properties."We wanted to know whether an AI can be smart enough to discover the periodic table on its own, and our team showed that it can," says study leader Shoucheng Zhang, a professor of physics at Stanford University.Zhang says the research, which will appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is an important first step toward a more ambitious goal of his, which is designing a replacement to the Turing test — the current gold standard for gauging machine intelligence. "Humans are the product of evolution and our minds are cluttered with all sorts of irrationalities."In order for an AI to pass the Turing test, it must be capable of responding to written questions in ways that are indistinguishable from a human. But Zhang thinks the test is flawed because it is subjective. "Humans are the product of evolution and our minds are cluttered with all sorts of irrationalities. For an AI to pass the Turing test, it would need to reproduce all of our human irrationalities," Zhang says. "That's very difficult to do, and not a particularly good use of programmers' time. "Zhang would instead like to propose a new benchmark of machine intelligence. "We want to see if we can design an AI that can beat humans in discovering a new law of nature," he says. "But in order to do that, we first have to test whether our AI can make some of the greatest discoveries already made by humans. "By recreating the periodic table of elements, Atom2Vec has achieved this secondary goal, Zhang says.Zhang and his group modeled Atom2Vec on an AI program that Google engineers created to parse natural language. Called Word2Vec, the language AI works by converting words into numerical codes, or vectors. By analyzing the vectors, the AI can estimate the probability of a word appearing in a text given the co-occurrence of other words.For example, the word "king" is often accompanied by "queen," and "man" by "woman." Thus, the mathematical vector of "king" might be translated roughly as "king = a queen minus a woman plus a man. ""We can apply the same idea to atoms," Zhang says. "Instead of feeding in all of the words and sentences from a collection of texts, we fed Atom2Vec all the known chemical compounds, such as NaCl, KCl, H2O, and so on."Related: How artificial intelligence can teach itself slangFrom this sparse data, the AI program figured out, for example, that potassium (K) and sodium (Na) must have similar properties because both elements can bind with chlorine (Cl). "Just like king and queen are similar, potassium and sodium are similar," Zhang says.Zhang hopes that in the future, scientists can harness Atom2Vec's knowledge to discover and design new materials."For this project, the AI program was unsupervised, but you could imagine giving it a goal and directing it to find, for example, a material that is highly efficient at converting sunlight to energy," Zhang says. His team is already at work on version 2. 0 of their AI program, which will focus on cracking an intractable problem in medical research: designing just the right antibody to attack antigens — molecules capable of inducing an immune response — that are specific to cancer cells. Currently, one of the most promising approaches to curing cancer is cancer immunotherapy, which involves harnessing the antibodies that can attack antigens on cancer cells.But the human body can produce more than 10 million unique antibodies, each of which is made up of a different combination of about 50 genes. Related: New A. I. application can write its own code"If we can map these building block genes onto a mathematical vector, then we can organize all antibodies into something similar to a periodic table," Zhang says. "Then, if you discover that one antibody is effective against an antigen but is toxic, you can look within the same family for another antibody that is just as effective but less toxic."Funding for the research came from the US Department of Energy. Source: Ker Than for Stanford University.

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Know About Periodic Table of Elements
An Introduction to periodic table of elementsScifaiku ("science fiction haiku") is a form of science fiction poetry first announced by Tom Brinck with his 1995 Scifaiku Manifesto. It is inspired by Japanese haiku, but explores science, science fiction (SF), and other speculative fiction themes, such as fantasy and horror. They are based on the principles and form of haiku but can deviate from its structure.Scifaiku follow three major principles minimalism, immediacy and human insight:Scifaiku follows the haiku model, including its spirit of minimalism. While traditional Japanese haiku usually has 3 phrases of 5, 7, and 5 on ("sound symbols"), haiku in English usually has seventeen (or fewer) syllables. Scifaiku is even more flexible and may be shorter or longer (allowing for longer technical terms, e.g. anisomorphism), although most often still written, as English language haiku, in three lines.Immediacy is the use of direct sensory perceptions to give a sense of being in the moment. Concrete, rather than abstract terms are used. Metaphor and allegory are rarely explicit though sometimes implied.Human insight comes from the idea that the purpose of much science fiction is to understand ourselves better through exploring possible futures or speculative realities.Scifaiku mailing lists of periodic table of elementsThere have been three different Internet scifaiku mailing lists in succession. These mailing lists have been the primary base for the writing and sharing of scifaiku on the internet.The original sciFaiku mailing list was a Univ. of Michigan-based listserv (where Tom Brinck was in graduate school). The first post on the list was on 23 July 1996.Later on there was a mailing list organized through scifaiku.com (first post 15 February 1998). After problems with that mailing list server, the scifaiku list moved to Yahoo! Groups on 17 March 2001. As of 22 July 2006 there have been over 13,000 posts just on the scifaiku mailing list at Yahoo! Groups. From the home page: This group is for the writing and sharing of science fiction haiku (aka scifaiku). We also occasionally write similar genres, such as fantasy haiku and horror haiku. The members also write SF poems using other short poetry forms, such as waka, senry, sijo, kanshi, etc.Group members have also created a few of their own poetry forms, such as the contrail and the Fibonacci-No-Haiku (based upon the Fibonacci number), written SF poetry based on other short poetry forms such as the cinquain, and experimented with a number of collaborative poetry forms such as science fiction renga and stellarenga.Science fiction haiku of periodic table of elementsBefore there was scifaiku on the Internet, there was science fiction haiku. Probably the earliest publication of science fiction haiku was Karen Anderson's "Six Haiku" (The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, July 1962). Below is number four of her six SF haiku.Those crisp cucumbersNot yet planted in Syrtis --How I desire one!Terry Pratchett included the following SF haiku as a chapter epigram in his early non-Discworld novel, The Dark Side of the Sun (1976).Hark to the crash ofthe leaves in the autumn, the smashof the crystal leaves.Charles Sub-Lunar, 'Planetary Haiku'It wasn't until 1979 that science fiction haiku were regularly published, with Robert Frazier's "Haiku for the L5" (Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, 1979) and "Haiku for the Space Shuttle" (IASFM, 1980) starting the trend. In 1994, Michael Bishop's story "Cri di Coeur" (IASFM 1994) featured a haiku contest held on an interstellar ship, with the topic of haiku about astrophysics, subject to the constraint that (as in Japanese haiku) the poems must each feature a season. (The ten haiku featured in the story were written by Bishop and Geoffrey A. Landis).The most extensive use of haiku in science fiction is in David Brin's Uplift Universe (especially in the novel Startide Rising), where the uplifted dolphins speak a haiku-like language called Trinary. He has characters quoting haiku by Kobayashi Issa and Yosa Buson, and has them spontaneously writing their own haiku. Outside of his Uplift Universe, Brin has haiku as chapter epigrams in his novel The Postman.One of the main characters in Neal Stephenson's Cryptonomicon, Bobby Shaftoe, is a haiku-writing U.S. Marine Raider during World War II. The book's prologue starts with one of his very rough haiku :Two tires fly. Two wail.A bamboo grove, all chopped downFrom it, warring songsZoe's boyfriend, in John Scalzi's 2008 novel Zoe's Tale, sends a haiku to her PDA.Two of the more famous science fiction authors who have also written science fiction haiku are Joe Haldeman and Thomas M. Disch. The author Paul O. Williams, who has written a series of science fiction books as well as books of regular haiku and senry, has combined both interests with some published science fiction haiku.
Alien Periodic Table of Elements
There's different ways that you can organize the elements, as you said:I feel strongly that these options for an alien would differ based on culture and level of technology. Do not forget the possibility that an established periodic table can change if it conveys additional information that would be useful as a sort of casual reference for the new technological advancements that a species reaches.For example, each element has a unique spectroscopy signature, and this is vital to understanding what elements are significant and present in distant celestial bodies. This is important if you are a space farer. So you could find that the following table could be encoded in various ways, and the elements that support life or are vital to their technology or existence would be up in the front with their better symbols.So onto the symbol aspect, what we are looking for is a simplification and compression of information that would encode a higher level classification. Schwern already talked about how that would be easy for a proton/neutron count. But this becomes more difficult with additional pieces of information. How do you take an entire spectroscopy signature and compress it?You have a few choices:This being said, do not forget that an advanced space faring species might be invested in symbols that are universal. This is what we took into consideration when depicting the hydrogen atom on the Voyager Golden Record/Pioneer Plaque, which is a hyperfine transition of hydrogen.Basically, it's possible that the information encoded in literal universal symbols (circles, wavelengths, etc) is sufficient and would take precedence over an arbitrary and cultural alphabet or pictogram, which only they would understand.1. Is there a way to purge old data in a table?Your interpretation of why you are getting duplicate columns when looping your your table field is wrong.Each column is always accessible via a automatically generated column handle (col1, col2, etc.), so that's not old and left over column names you are seeing there. If you define custom handles in the Table field's settings, the cells' data will be available via those properties as well, so you can then access the value via both row.price and row.col1. This feature is designed with direct access of columns / cells in mind, but gets in the way when looping through a row's cells. But Craft does not force you to define custom handles, so you can simply remove them in your field's settings and your "old data" will be removed.2. Strange error in my tableThe argument of cmidrule for trimming can be a combination of l (trim left) or r (trim right) or r, l; so you could use something likeHere's the complete example code:Nothe the use of math mode in $3. Table Throws & Trade Show Table Covers (Customize) | PosterGardenBeautiful custom table covers to drape your portable table in style with one of PosterGarden's custom imprinted Table Throws. Our customized tablecloths, table wraps, and table covers can be printed in a range of different colors and with your custom logos. To add a sharp and professional accent to your booth, drape one of our trade show table throws across your table. Designed for use with our tables, these throws come plain or imprinted with your logo in up to three colors. The trade show tablecloth designed to be used with our Folding Table, is available with your exclusive logo in full color. 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All I Need Is One Household Item for Each of the Elements of the Periodic Table of Elements?
He- helium baloons C- diamond O- oxygen tank Al- aluminum foil Au- wedding band Ag- silver necklace Cu- penny Cl- pool Na- salt Si- silicone bake wear Ca- milk Fe- multi vitamin As- rat poisening Sn- sheet of tin metal Pb- lead pipes Pt- platinum award Hg- thermometer1. Should we get rid of the foosball table?Clean it one more time using something which has a scent to it like pinesol, just to be sure and after it dries if it still stinks then start using frebreeze on the area and eventually it should get rid of the smell2. Get table name from union query?You can try this with UNION ALLas probably you need duplicate entry too as will adding table name it will be unique and performance will be also improved3. How can I creatively set a guest table for a buffet using paper partyware? Any good ideas?Use cute baskets to place the flatware in, and creatively stand the napkins, also in either a basket type deal or in a tall standing votive type piece, have them rolled-like, to save on space in said votive. You could also do a cluster of candles different heights in the middle of the table and have the flatware presented to one side, the napkins on the other.4. Can I give my daughter any table foods?For breakfast - toast, oatmeal, older infant cereals, egg yolk(yuck), cut up soft fruits (raspberries, melons, bananas, etc) Dry cheerios. Cut up pancakes/french toast. Some little ones like half a bagel, cut in half again with a bit of cream cheese. Most can not really eat them, but they like to suck and gum them a bit. But that all depends on if you are comfortable. Lunch. She may be able to handle noodles, cut up small enough. Peas, green beens, cut up cooked sweet potatoes, mashed potatoes, cooked carrots. Ground beef. Soups are good. Anything I am iffy about, I will take and smoosh down inbetween my fingers. That way they can still pick them up cause they are not complete mush, but they are still mostly easily swallowed. Dinner, same as lunch, really. Teeth do not matter as much as gum power, and muscle strength, as well as good swallowing. Some kids do not cut teeth until 18 months, and they can eat mostly everything by then. Some choose not to eat certain things as they are difficult and frustrating to eat, but they still can. Some children by 10 months are eating strictly cut up table food, and others not til they are over one years old. But it does not hurt to try and encourage her to eat, and if she does well, perfect. If not, keep trying, and in the next few months it will take right off.5. Where is the best place to buy a pool table?purchasing a pool table is like purchasing a car...a mercedes is better than a toyota (and more expensive) a quality pool table has a SLATE playing area (not wood) a quality pool table has a cotton/wool blend cloth covering (not felt) expect to spend several THOUSAND dollars the room size should be 14x18 (for stick clearance) (www. brunswick billiards. com)....yes,..you can get accesories from these guys ....and i know a few jealous monkeys like to give me a thumbs-down....they can kiss my white-hairy-asse !!6. How do you construct a cross-cut sled for a 10" table saw?Depending on the length of the boards, that can be quite dangerous since it is harder to control the effects of the saw blade's "kick". Since the blade wo not be cutting all the way through, there will be even stronger kick than usual. The proper tool is a chop saw, but even a hand saw would be safer and perhaps produce better results.7. Ladies when you go out to dinner with a guy do you like to sit in a booth or a table?I prefer to sit at a booth, much more comfortable.8. My lab has anxiety when I leave and jumps up on the table when I am gone. What should I do?definitely try to get another playmate, as dogs are very social animals, and maybe try crate training or fencing off an area. leave toys, food and water, and maybe a blanket with your scent on it so your lab doesnt feel as alone
What Is the Periodic Table of Elements?
very confusing step. lookup from a search engine. this can assist!1. Format data as a table in bashHere's some other examples:to-table.rb will check for arrays itself now:(PS: tput cols yields the number of columns that the current bash has.)2. "As shown in from Table 1 to Table 5”, is this correct? Or should I remove "from”?It should be:As shown in tables 1 to 53. periodic table help please ?!?yeah thats it but dont forget some are diatomic molecules, oxygen - O2 Hydrogen - H2 Chlorine - Cl2 Mercury - Hg Fluorine - F2 the 2's are subscript by the way4. Table overflows page horizontallyYou've set the tabularx tab, so I will assume that you are familiar with this package and its main user environment, also called tabularx.Some suggestions: Employ a tabularx environment instead of a tabular environment, and set the overall width to textwidth.Do not use the l column type, which does not allow automatic line breaks, for all four columns. Instead, use l only for columns 3 and 4; use a modified form of the X column type for columns 1 and 2. That way, LaTeX will automatically find all suitable line-breaks in the first two columns automatically -- no need for those additional tabular environments...Since the cells in column 2 contain much more material than those in column 1, make the width of column 2 roughly twice that of column 1. (See the code below for how to accomplish this.)Do not use vertical lines; they are not needed -- really! Moreover, use only few, but well-spaced, horizontal lines. I suggest you load the booktabs package for the macros toprule, midrule, bottomrule, and addlinespace. That way, you will create a table with a much more open and inviting "look". Your readers will be deeply grateful to you.While on the subject of making the table look "open" and reader-friendly: Do not over-use bold-facing. Bold-facing is rarely, if ever, needed in a well-designed table5. Performance difference between searching table with 350 columns and searching table with 25 columnsIf someone can point me to a better, performant way of searching for a non-primary key data [...]Add an index in your database on the column(s) you are filtering on - in this case COL_5. The resulting execution plan should be a single index seek and the performanze difference negligible (or even zero). Also rather than getting the entire result set, just check if there is at least one resulting row. You can either add a TOP 1 to your query (or whatever SQL equivalent), or add a .setMaxResults(1)6. There is PIZZA on the table in the break room!?most people would but i would just buy my own pizza7. Why do professional table tennis players occasionaly rub the part of the table that is near the net?They do it to rub off the sweaty hand. They used to rub the baseline but nowadays more players would opt to rub at near the net. This is because the area near the net is least likely where the ball will be landed. In table tennis, it is almost impossible to get a hit on those area as it is too near the net.8. GIVE THE MEANING OF THE TABLE APPOINTMENT?Hi, Table appointments are nothing but table coverings, napkins, flat-wares, dinner-wares and glass-wares etc that form a part of your fine dining.9. A question about finger/table food?I did not have much of a problem with my son eating or getting him to eat things at that age, but my mom gave me some hints when he became a little fussy with mealtimes all together. It might help if you use portion control to feed your baby five small meals a day instead of three big ones and things like say dried fruits and veggies that you could leave out for her to snack on, leave a bowl out for her to pick at while playing or something if you think she did not eat enough or if she barely touched her breakfast. I find that if i leave out dry cereal for him he tends to eat it all by lunch and will end up eating all his lunch as well. And since your baby is allergic to dairy have you tried Soy milk? Silk is a great company and has some really good tasting soy products. Also Nutella could be a good alternative to Peanut butter, though it is made with hazelnuts
Know About Periodic Table of Elements
An Introduction to periodic table of elementsScifaiku ("science fiction haiku") is a form of science fiction poetry first announced by Tom Brinck with his 1995 Scifaiku Manifesto. It is inspired by Japanese haiku, but explores science, science fiction (SF), and other speculative fiction themes, such as fantasy and horror. They are based on the principles and form of haiku but can deviate from its structure.Scifaiku follow three major principles minimalism, immediacy and human insight:Scifaiku follows the haiku model, including its spirit of minimalism. While traditional Japanese haiku usually has 3 phrases of 5, 7, and 5 on ("sound symbols"), haiku in English usually has seventeen (or fewer) syllables. Scifaiku is even more flexible and may be shorter or longer (allowing for longer technical terms, e.g. anisomorphism), although most often still written, as English language haiku, in three lines.Immediacy is the use of direct sensory perceptions to give a sense of being in the moment. Concrete, rather than abstract terms are used. Metaphor and allegory are rarely explicit though sometimes implied.Human insight comes from the idea that the purpose of much science fiction is to understand ourselves better through exploring possible futures or speculative realities.Scifaiku mailing lists of periodic table of elementsThere have been three different Internet scifaiku mailing lists in succession. These mailing lists have been the primary base for the writing and sharing of scifaiku on the internet.The original sciFaiku mailing list was a Univ. of Michigan-based listserv (where Tom Brinck was in graduate school). The first post on the list was on 23 July 1996.Later on there was a mailing list organized through scifaiku.com (first post 15 February 1998). After problems with that mailing list server, the scifaiku list moved to Yahoo! Groups on 17 March 2001. As of 22 July 2006 there have been over 13,000 posts just on the scifaiku mailing list at Yahoo! Groups. From the home page: This group is for the writing and sharing of science fiction haiku (aka scifaiku). We also occasionally write similar genres, such as fantasy haiku and horror haiku. The members also write SF poems using other short poetry forms, such as waka, senry, sijo, kanshi, etc.Group members have also created a few of their own poetry forms, such as the contrail and the Fibonacci-No-Haiku (based upon the Fibonacci number), written SF poetry based on other short poetry forms such as the cinquain, and experimented with a number of collaborative poetry forms such as science fiction renga and stellarenga.Science fiction haiku of periodic table of elementsBefore there was scifaiku on the Internet, there was science fiction haiku. Probably the earliest publication of science fiction haiku was Karen Anderson's "Six Haiku" (The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, July 1962). Below is number four of her six SF haiku.Those crisp cucumbersNot yet planted in Syrtis --How I desire one!Terry Pratchett included the following SF haiku as a chapter epigram in his early non-Discworld novel, The Dark Side of the Sun (1976).Hark to the crash ofthe leaves in the autumn, the smashof the crystal leaves.Charles Sub-Lunar, 'Planetary Haiku'It wasn't until 1979 that science fiction haiku were regularly published, with Robert Frazier's "Haiku for the L5" (Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, 1979) and "Haiku for the Space Shuttle" (IASFM, 1980) starting the trend. In 1994, Michael Bishop's story "Cri di Coeur" (IASFM 1994) featured a haiku contest held on an interstellar ship, with the topic of haiku about astrophysics, subject to the constraint that (as in Japanese haiku) the poems must each feature a season. (The ten haiku featured in the story were written by Bishop and Geoffrey A. Landis).The most extensive use of haiku in science fiction is in David Brin's Uplift Universe (especially in the novel Startide Rising), where the uplifted dolphins speak a haiku-like language called Trinary. He has characters quoting haiku by Kobayashi Issa and Yosa Buson, and has them spontaneously writing their own haiku. Outside of his Uplift Universe, Brin has haiku as chapter epigrams in his novel The Postman.One of the main characters in Neal Stephenson's Cryptonomicon, Bobby Shaftoe, is a haiku-writing U.S. Marine Raider during World War II. The book's prologue starts with one of his very rough haiku :Two tires fly. Two wail.A bamboo grove, all chopped downFrom it, warring songsZoe's boyfriend, in John Scalzi's 2008 novel Zoe's Tale, sends a haiku to her PDA.Two of the more famous science fiction authors who have also written science fiction haiku are Joe Haldeman and Thomas M. Disch. The author Paul O. Williams, who has written a series of science fiction books as well as books of regular haiku and senry, has combined both interests with some published science fiction haiku.
Bunkie Board Instead of Bed Slats with an Ikea MALM Platform Bed?
Are you making your own?, my son-in-law did that, the same as it sounds like you want, it worked out Great. Good Luck.1. How can i make a nice platform bed for cheap?Get up early on Saturday morning and go to garage sales. Every thing you need is there and cheap, a bed your looking for $20 maybe a little more, I have found some really nice things. As time goes buy and you can afford what you want, recycle and have your own sale!2. What kind of wood is the best and most inexpensive to use for building a platform bed for a california king?Pine or Douglass Fir3. I am working on a platform bed? Where can I buy oversize plywood? At least 60"X80"?if you have a good lumber yard nearby, you can special order there,99 ....they are called 'blows' if all else fails for you, purchase, 2 sheets of 1 1/8" T & G 4'x8' and glue & clamp them together and saw to desired dimensions.4. Does anyone here have a platform bed?My best friend has one and they hurt their shins. I also looked at a few at rooms to go and I banged my shin5. How To Build A Twin Platform BedWe have a guest that will be staying the night, a very messy guest room, and a twin mattress ... on the floor. I decided to get busy and Build A Twin Platform Bed with the thought that one of our kids could use it when they are off at college, renting a room off campus. Eventually, I would like to have a queen size bed in the guest room but this makes sense for now! This twin platform bed was pretty simple and inexpensive to build. It needed to be easy to disassemble so it could be hauled around easily and it needed to be inexpensive because ... this is not meant to be a family heirloom. Nope! It has a purpose to serve on a budget! This post contains affiliate links. When you purchase through an affiliate link, we receive a small commission at no additional cost to you. Disclosure. Our twin size mattress dimensions are 37-1/2 x 73-1/2 x 11 and I built this bed to fit those dimensions. Adjust your cuts to accommodate your mattress size. Note: My cuts are 2-1/2 shorter than our mattress size. This is because the mattress partially sits on top of the 4 x 4 legs. if you choose not to use casters, adjust the cut of the legs. Our twin mattress has a hard bottom and needed less slats than our Naturepedic mattress did. How To Assemble The Twin Platform Bed This bed is actually pretty simple to build! Make your cuts, according to your mattress size, and sand each piece with 120 grit sand paper. With the Kreg Jig, drill three pocket holes in each end of your headboard and footboard panel. Pay attention to what side of the board you want to be visible and make the pocket holes on the opposite side. Next, attach the headboard and footboard panels to the legs with 2-1/2 pocket hole screws. I placed a 1 x 4 under each end of the panel so the panel would sit back a bit from the 4 x 4 leg instead of being flush. The top of the panel and the top of the legs are flush. The next picture will show what I mean! The headboard and footboard assembled. Pretty basic, right? Then, attach the bed rail hooks on each 4 x 4 leg. I attached mine 2-1/2 from the top and as close to the inside edge that I could, in order to leave room for the side rail. Oh my goodness! These are non-mortise bed rail hooks! I struggled with the mortise bed rail hooks I used on our King Size Farmhouse Bed so I was pretty stoked to find these bed rail hooks! Now it was time to attach the bed slat supports. To do this, I laid the 2 x 4 on the inside of the 2 x 10 side rail and placed my 2 x 2 on top so I would know where to attach the 2 x 4. We want the mattress to sit right on top of this platform bed. I used Kreg Clamps and 2-1/2 Deck Plus Screws to attach the bed slat supports. This part was a bit tricky. The bed rail hooks needed to be lined up just right so the bed rail would sit flush with the headboard and footboard. I laid the footboard and headboard on the ground with the hooks attached. Then, I had my husband hold the side rails up against it, where I wanted it to be, and marked the screw holes. I am glad I did it this way because the hooks sit back a bit on the bed rail in order to sit flush. I would not have known that if I had only measured the correct height. The bed rails were pretty easy to attach and it was all flush ... enough! I used Homemade Stain for my Twin Bed. After the bed was stained, I took it apart, laid the pieces on sawhorses, and finished each piece with a coat of wax. I then attached a caster wheel to each leg. After the wax was dry, I took the bed pieces into the guest room and reassembled it. This is where you would measure the inside dimension of your bed so you can cut your bed slats the proper width. I placed the bed slats and side rail blocks where they needed to go. Next, I attached each block to the side rail support by pre-drilling a hole and then used one self-sinking screw in each block. This was a bit tedious as I used my Kreg Clamp on each block to keep it from moving. We are happy with this simple Twin Platform Bed! It was easy and inexpensive to build and should be a good thing to have around when the kids say goodbye to dorm life and rent a room, when they are off at college. Of course, we are also quite happy that our guest will not have to sleep on a mattress, on the floor. How To Make Wood Stain With Common Household Products Fun DIY House Projects You Can Do Too!
Leesa's Sapira Mattress Has Springs but still Comes in a Box
Mattress-in-a-box companies, from Tuft & Needle to Casper, ship foam and latex mattresses to your door for under $900 for a queen size. Most offer a single type, with dimensions being the only thing you can choose from. Leesa is a member of that club, but today it's branching but with a new brand called Sapira. It's supposed to offer a more luxurious mattress that is a hybrid of springs and foam.The queen costs $1,475, $585 more than the 10-inch-thick, all-foam Leesa. It's an inch thicker, too, with a 1.5-inch top layer of high-density foam; a 1.5-inch layer of memory foam; and steel pocket springs in between two, 1-inch layers of stabilizing foam. Pocket springs are encased in their own cloth pouch. With traditional innerspring mattresses, the coils are tied together, so when you lie down, your weight gets transferred across the bed. That means that, in general, you'll be less likely to feel your partner tossing and turning with the pocket spring variety.Related:Nightingale smart home sleep system masks both indoor and outdoor noisesI tried the Sapira out for a couple of nights, and I found this to be very true. Pushing down on one side of the bed left the other side unaffected. I pressed the mattress down about six inches away from my sleeping cat, and he didn't stir.The overall experience of getting the Sapira is pretty similar to the Leesa one. It arrives at your door all boxed up and compressed, and you slice through a few layers of plastic to let it plump up. You'll get 100 days to try out the mattress, and the company will pick it up if you decide not to keep it within that time frame.The Sapira is definitely a dense mattress. The full-size mattress weighs in at 98 pounds, according to the shipping label. Even though it's only an added inch, the Sapira seems thicker than the Leesa. The top layer of foam is certainly soft, but overall the mattress feels pretty firm.Other brands like Helix and Luma have been offering these "hybrid" foam and spring mattresses for a while, and by offering it as a separate, more luxury-minded brand, Leesa can offer another option beyond its single-type-of-firmness mattress.
My Minimalist Wardrobe
Minimalism is very important to me, and not just because of the simplicity of it all. It has helped me distance myself from the world of social conformity, build better relationships, and lessen my addiction to social media. I spend more time getting my work done and less time worrying about whether or not I've got my hands on this season's mom jeans. For those of you who are not really sure what minimalism is beyond owning less things, let me explain. Minimalism goes far past "Less is more." It's a way of limiting yourself to the things that actually provide use, are needed, and improve your life. By owning only what we need, we are abandoning the consumerism our society has adopted and putting that energy toward the things that truly matter. Our family, friends, career, education, and goals become more important than the stuff we've gathered over the years. To cleanse a space is to cleanse a mind.I desire to keep my space simple and clean, yet I want it to be filled with art and nice clothing. I am not a fan of the "plain white button down as a daily outfit" look. I want some variety, but with a limitation on the amount. Here is how I do it.When I began, I easily had 200 pieces of clothing. When I say "pieces of clothing," I include shirts, pants, coats, dresses, scarves, shoes, and bags or purses. One day when I was hanging up clothes, my closet made a very unfriendly creaking sound, and as soon as I turned to investigate, the entire rack was coming off the wall. It was time to let go.As I started getting rid of things, I realized how little I actually wore any of the clothes I owned. I would rotate the same ten tops and three jeans and I only wore one pair of shoes among the eleven pairs I owned. And on top of the massive amount of clothing in my closet, I had a 6-drawer dresser each full of the clothes I never wore. I owned at least five bags, but I could not give you the actual amount because I only ever carried one and the rest meant nothing to me.I follow the general rule that if it does not provide meaning or use in my life, get rid of it. I've been able to follow this… mostly. I still have a hard time getting rid of clothing I do not even want if it still has some use left. I also feel the overwhelming urge to trash everything until I only own two shirts, one pair of pants, and a pair of shoes. Unfortunately, this is not realistic for someone who enjoys a variety and would not want to be caught dead wearing the same thing two days in a row. So, I've gone down to the absolute basics for my own personal style. The climate in my area gets both very hot and very cold, so I have to have a decent amount of clothes for each season. Many days, it starts off cold in the morning and is hot by midday, so I must have clothing that's good for layering. I decided that I had to have at least one outfit for interviews and professional occasions as well as one dress for formal family events. For the most part, deciding what I needed was easy. But the most difficult decisions lied with choosing which items to keep and which to toss out. Every once in a while I make a log of all the clothing I own, track the newest additions as well as the donations, and make sure I am limiting myself to a decent amount of clothing, not going overboard in either direction. Here's what my minimalist closet looks like:Tops: Two flannel shirts, three sweaters, one long-sleeve top, three t-shirts, one blouse, and one gray tank top. Total=11 items.Bottoms: one pair of high-rise jeans, one pair low-rise, one pair of leggings. Total=3 items. Coats: One petticoat, one denim jacket, one blazer, one raincoat, two summer jackets, one work-out jacket. Total=7 items.Shoes: One pair of work shoes, one pair oxfords, two pairs of sneakers, one pair of sandals, one pair of boots. Total=6 items.Dresses: One t-shirt dress, one formal dress, one summer dress. Total=3 items. Accessories: 3 winter scarves, one purse, one book bag. Total=5 items.Overall closet total=35 items.This closet suits me well a good 98% of the time. I find myself occasionally worried about what to wear because I do allow myself to have more options than I probably should. But like I said, I am young! I like options! I like colors! It's okay to be a minimalist and not want stark white pressed shirts only! Color is good. Color is happy. Options are okay.And that's my minimalist wardrobe! My journey began in the beginning of February 2017 and this is where I've gotten in the last year. Much of my inspiration has drawn from the one and only duo The Minimalists. If you have not seen their documentary on Netflix, give it a watch, and you might find it as life changing as I did!Marnie is an LGBTQ poet and storyteller from North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Follow Marnie on tumblr for unpublished poems, prose, and short stories. Purchase Marnie's poetry book "a black and white rainbow" about love, loss, and coming out here.whats the one item of clothing in your wardrobe you'll never throw out ?all of my abercrombie and hollister polos...in every color=]]
11 Best Cheap Leather Sectionals - Complete Buying Guide
If you are looking to decorate your living room, cheap leather sectionals are an ideal choice. Sofas are an essential furniture in a room and without one, a room appears boring and plain. They give an amazing and cozy look to the room. Choosing the best sectional couches for cheap is an important task to make sure you live a comfortable life. There are many cheap sectional sofas available on the market, and it is your task to pick one that is suitable for you. In an attempt to help you find the best cheap leather sectionals, we have formulated this buying guide. How to choose the best cheap leather sectionals? Sectional sofas are large couches that make a comfortable and large seating area for family and friends. These sofas have sections so that you can fit the sofa in any room even if the room size is small. Consider the following tips to find cheap leathers: The first thing to consider is the available space where you have to keep the sofa. If you want to place the leather reclining sectional sofa in a circular space, you should consider buying a C-shaped sofa. L-shaped sofas require a larger and rectangular shaped space to be placed. The available space in your room will allow you to decide whether you need to buy a large leather sectional sofa or a small one. If you have decided to buy cheap leather sectionals, you will have to do some research and get an estimate of sofas from different shops. There are many shops and websites that offer high-quality leather sectional sofas on sale. If you are ordering online, make sure you order one in different sections so that you end up paying less for the unwanted pieces of the sectional sofa. If you are on a tight budget, you can also consider buying used sectional couches for cheap. Another thing to look for in a leather reclining sectional sofa is the fabric. Always make sure that the fabric used on the sofa is comfortable and durable. Without a good quality fabric, the sofa will undergo wear and tear and will start looking old and used soon. Sectional sofas are available in two styles: open chaise end style and closed style sofas. A closed sectional sofa can meet lots of demands as it is more versatile than the open chaise style sectionals. Always go for the one which can be used at different positions and for different purposes. Sectional sofas can take any shape according to the room size and can be turned into a longer sofa and easily blend with the room dcor. If you are still not sure where to start shopping for the cheap leather sectionals, go through our list of the best cheap leather sectionals of 2017. The best small leather sectional sofa that is ideal for small rooms is the 'Dorel Living Small Spaces Configurable Sectional Sofa, Black.' This sofa is one of the best and cheapest leather sectional couches and can add amazing looks to your room. This small leather sectional has a chaise sofa design and can beat all its competitors with its looks and features. Chaise can be used either in left or right position. It is very comfortable and stylish. The best leather sectional recliner is the 'Large Classic and Traditional Brown Bonded Leather Reclining Corner Sectional Sofa.' This sofa is large enough to accommodate a whole family and is very comfortable and durable. It is best suited for rooms with large spaces, such as halls and home cinema rooms. It is suited for big families. Recline is not strong enough. The Coaster Talia 503431 is the best contemporary leather sectional sofa as it is very stylish and comfortable. It adds a contemporary and unique look to the room and blends with all types of modern home dcor. It is ideal for people who want to give a modern look to their homes. It is very stylish and comfortable. The legs of the sofa are hidden beneath the couch. The 'Baxton Studio Abriana Sectional' is a firm genuine leather sectional sofa. It's one of the best cheap leather sectionals you can buy. It is a comfortable and durable one which is easy to clean and maintain. It is almost ready to use when it arrives and that makes it very convenient. The chocolate brown color makes it ideal for placing it in your rooms and halls of any dcor. Moreover, the dark brown color easily hides stains of all kinds. The inner support system of rubber webbing. It is made up of genuine leather. Very little assembly is required. It cannot withstand the rigors of daily use. Poundex Bobkona Atlantic Faux Leather 2-Piece Sectional Sofa is an affordable one with the feel and looks of original leather. This elegant sofa is one of the cheap faux leather sectionals that can add beauty and elegance to a room and you do not have to worry about people using it roughly while snacking, playing games, or watching TV. It is very comfortable and supports the back to give a relaxing feeling. The faux leather is very soft and comfortable. The metal connection between chaise and sofa makes for a sturdy frame. It supports the head and back. It gives a luxury look to the room. It is very affordable. It is very versatile. It is very comfortable. It has an ergonomic design. The Roundhill Furniture Marinio Chocolate Chaise Sectional Sofa is the best leather sectional sofa with chaise. It is a brown leather sectional sofa which is wide enough to accommodate a big family. This sofa is the complete package is it can be used for a variety of purposes. It has a durable frame and can withstand the rigors of daily use. It has soft and comfortable attached backs. It has beautiful and stylish stitching. The faux leather is soft and durable. The arms are plush and comfortable. Chocolate brown color blends with all types of dcor. It is less stuffy. It is very heavy. Detroit White Convertible Sectional Sofa is a white leather sectional sofa with amazing looks and elegant design. This cheap sectional sofa is wide enough to accommodate a large number of people, that is, around 5 to 6. It looks very snappy and can give a luxurious look to a room. The sturdy wooden frame is covered with white premium polyurethane leatherette. It is very versatile and is interchangeable with three styles. It is very elegant. It is very versatile. The cushions are detachable, which makes cleaning easier. It can be easily stained. The legs are thin and weak. Our pick for the best brown leather sectional couch is the Knightsbridge Tufted Scroll Arm Chesterfield 7-Seat L-Shaped Sectional. This sofa is stylish and comfortable and is designed to take the looks of your home to a new level. This beautiful piece of furniture can complement any home dcor. It has tufted back and arms. The frame is made up of wood and rubber. It has an L-shape. It provides enough seating for people. The brown color blends well with the furniture. The frame is strong and well-built. Moe's Home Collection Andreas Right Leather Sectional Sofa is the best gray leather sectional couch. This sofa looks magnificent in any setting and is sure to make the room look luxury and stylish. It is very comfortable and is one of the best leather sectional sofas. It is made up of grain gray leather. The frame is made up of wood. It has an elegant and sturdy design. It is wide and spacious. It supports the back and neck. The couch does not have a good grip on the floor. The Russ Faux Leather Sectional Sofa is a red leather sectional sofa that looks unique. It is a luxurious one and can upgrade any space by giving it a modern look. It is made up of quality materials so that people can feel comfortable. It is very affordable. It is easy to clean. The red color does not complement all types of dcor, so you will have to make sure it fits in your home. Limari Home LIM-72815 Dexter Collection is a sleek and stylish blue leather sectional couch. It is a cheap faux leather couch and is ideal to place in spacious rooms. The modern design makes it perfect for different types of settings. It has a wide and spacious design. The navy blue upholstery gives it a unique look. It is very soft and comfortable. The legs are sturdy and carry the weight properly. It can withstand the rigors of daily use. It is prone to scratches. Finding the best leather sectional is a challenging task, and we have tried our best to make this task easier for you. The above list contains cheap leather sectionals that can complement different types of home dcor so that you can find one that suits your needs.1. What kind of water resistant product would work best with a 100% genuine leather jacket?Saddle soap, available in shoe departments. Talk to Johnnie above you, split a can.2. is it normal for a white genuine-leather handbag to fade into a beige-like color?It mostly depends on what sort of finish you have on the handbag. If its a slick patent leather, then it should not fade, it woudl just need to be polished. If its a soft supple natural look, then its highly likely that it will fade. You might want to consider using shoe polish to brighten it up3. I ordered Genuine Leather Vintage-Style Trench Coat size XLarge, you sent to me size XXLarge, how can I get XL?No YA user is responsible for sending you clothes in the wrong size - better get in touch with the company which you ordered your clothes from and ask them...:-)
Tyres - All You Need to Know
The main materials of modern tyres are synthetic rubber, natural rubber, fabric and wire, along with other compound chemicals.The tyre consists of a body and the tread. While the body provides and e... The main materials of modern tyres are synthetic rubber, natural rubber, fabric and wire, along with other compound chemicals. The tyre consists of a body and the tread. While the body provides and ensures that there is support, the tread provides the traction. In the days before the rubber tyre was invented the tyres were then made up of simply a band of metal fixed and fitted around the wooden wheel so as wear and tear was reduced. Nowadays, most tyres used are that of Pneumatic, which is a body of chords and wires in a doughnut shape in cased in rubber and then filled with compressed air to form the inflatable cushion, these tyres can be found on almost all types of cars, bicycles, motorcycles, trucks, and even aircrafts. Research shows that the first Pneumatic tyre was made in 1887 by John Boyd Dunlop from Scotland, he made it to try and help prevent the headaches that his son was getting from riding his bike on bumpy surfaces. Today over 1 billion tyres are produced annually, globally there are over 400 tyre factories, and the 3 main top makers take up 60% of the global share! So, why are keeping your tyres in good condition so important? Your tyres work hard - cushioning you from bumps, maintaining responsive steering and most importantly allowing you to stop quickly if needed. As one of your vehicles most important features, manufacturers will have carefully selected your tyres from the top makers in the market. They will be chosen for their reliability, performance, and safety, and will be wisely selected to suit your new or used car . However, constant
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